Southwestern Law School Los Angeles, CA
Southwestern Reporter

October 2007

In This Issue:



17th Annual Public Interest Law Week

Honored by the ABA/Law Student Division for their efforts, Southwestern's Public Interest Law Committee has scheduled several exciting events for the 17th Annual Public Interest Law Week (PILW), October 25 - November 2. The week of activities is designed to raise both awareness and funds for public interest law opportunities and summer grants in this area. This year's event offers some new fundraisers: The Trivia Bowl Challenge, a Variety Show, and Dean Garth's Elliptical-a-thon.

Mitch Kamin
This year, Mitchell Kamin, CEO/President of Bet Tzedek, will deliver the keynote speech, "Paying It Forward - The Human Dimension of Pro Bono Work," at 12:30 p.m. on Tuesday, October 30 in BW390. Mr. Kamin, an influential figure in the public interest law community, began his legal career as a Skadden Fellow at the Neighborhood Defender Service (NDS) of Harlem. Upon completion of his two-year fellowship, he was hired as a supervising attorney. While there, he represented clients in the areas of public housing, civil rights, family law and criminal law. During his four years with NDS, Mr. Kamin took a six-month hiatus to work in the capital punishment project of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. Read more about Mr. Kamin.

Public Interest Law
The Public Interest Career Fair will take place this year on Thursday, October 25. A variety of public interest organizations will be on the Promenade from 12:15 to 1:30 p.m. to chat with students about opportunities within their organizations. "This is an excellent chance for students to network with lawyers and find out about a variety of practice areas," said Gary Greener, Assistant Dean for Career Services. "Public interest organizations provide a variety of opportunities in almost every area of the law, including: labor and employment, tax, probate, torts, family, immigration, international, property, landlord/tenant, civil rights, appellate, criminal, constitutional, environmental, and many, many more." He advises students: Don't be shy. Walk up to the organizations and find out about what they do, any summer positions or volunteer positions available, and how you can help them out while gaining experience. 

On Friday, October 26, from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m., the Southwestern chapter of the General Relief Advocacy Project (GRAP) will train students to be advocates for indigent residents of Los Angeles. In the afternoon, students will go to the Department of Public Social Services (DPSS) with a GRAP supervisor to apply their newly acquired skills to help the homeless in receiving public benefits.

For two days, October 29 and 30, students will have the chance to buy treats (donated by students, faculty and staff) at the Bake Sale. Autumn/Halloween-themed baked goods will be available from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on the front steps of the Westmoreland Building.

Teams of three (including various groups of students/ clubs/faculty and staff) will test their pop culture and law school knowledge at the Trivia Bowl Challenge on Wednesday, October 31 at 12:30 p.m. in the Student Commons. Winners will be immortalized with their names inscribed on the Trophy of Champions.

Members of the Southwestern community can pledge money for each lap (1/4 mile) that Dean Garth completes in the Fitness Center during the Dean Garth Elliptical- a-thon at 12:30 p.m. on Thursday, November 1. A conditional pledge may be made to pay a lump sum if the Dean reaches a certain benchmark, to be determined. Dean Garth will be matching pledges dollar-for-dollar up to $800.

Silent Auction.jpg
The Silent Auction items will be on display and up for bid throughout the week, starting Monday, October 29, in the Westmoreland Alcove. The auction will close at a special finale reception on Thursday, November 1 from 3 - 5:30 p.m. in the Salle Moderne, and winners will be announced at the end of the event.


Live Auction.jpg
The Live Auction will take place on Friday, November 2 from 6 p.m. to 9 pm. in the Louis XVI Room. Talented students, faculty, and staff will take the stage and perform in this year's new Variety Show at the always-popular auction event.

Student volunteers are needed for a variety of events, so if you are interested in joining the efforts, contact Doug Baek. For more information about Southwestern's Public Interest Law Week events, or to contribute an auction item, contact the Student Affairs Office or Doug Baek.


World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Speaker to Discuss Updates on the Madrid Protocol

World Intellectual Property Organization
Southwestern is hosting a presentation by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Alan Datri, Senior Counselor, Office of the Assistant Director General for WIPO, will present "WIPO Comes to California: Updates on the Madrid Protocol" on the law school's campus at 5 p.m. on Monday, November 5. The Education, Computer Law, and Trademark Committees of the Intellectual Property Section of the State Bar of California are sponsoring the presentation.

The Madrid Protocol is a treaty that facilitates the international protection of trademarks. Under the treaty, a trademark owner in a signatory country can have its trademark protected in several countries by filing a single application directly with his own national or regional trademark office. It has significantly changed the way in which trademarks are registered globally. Read more.


1L Table Days Are Coming!

To assist first-year students in selecting their course for the spring semester elective, faculty members will be available on the Promenade to answer questions during the 1L Table Days on Tuesday, November 13 and Wednesday, November 14 from 12:15 to 1:45 p.m. Learn more about Legal Profession, Copyright Law, Public International Law, Constitutional Criminal Procedure, and Defenses in the Law. WebAdvisor help and general academic counseling will be available as well.

"The Digital Earthquake: Groundbreaking Changes Affecting Entertainment and Media Law" to be discussed at MLRC/Biederman Institute Conference

Without a solid knowledge base and creative coping strategies, any entertainment and media lawyer or business affairs executive risks being swallowed up by the "digital earthquake" that is shaking the industries they work in. Existing business relationships need to be re-evaluated and re-structured among owners, producers, distributors and talent. New relationships need to be forged with consumers who may also serve as content providers and producers. Old legal concepts must be adapted to new realities, and new laws need to be interpreted and understood. In three panels, the Fifth Annual Media Law Resource Center/Southwestern conference examines how to survive and prosper amidst the turmoil. The event, offering four hours of CLE credit, will take place on January 31, 2008 at 2:30 p.m. on the Southwestern campus. More information will be available online in the coming weeks.

Don't Forget! BAP to Hear Cases at Southwestern

The Ninth Circuit Bankruptcy Appellate Panel (BAP) will hold a session in Southwestern's Julian Dixon Courtroom on Wednesday, October 24. Cases will begin at approximately 9 a.m., and are scheduled to run until 12 p.m. Students are welcome to attend. Case materials will be available in the library prior to the event.



Orange County Law Firm Practice Day

The 14th Annual Orange County Law Firm Practice Day will be held on Saturday, November 3 at Chapman University School of Law in Orange. Registration will begin at 8:30 a.m. There will be panels of lawyers talking about careers within different areas of the law. Panel topics will include: Corporate/Securities; Criminal Law; Elder Law/Family Law; Entertainment Law; Environmental/Real Estate/Land Use; Intellectual Property (Copyright, Patent, and Trademark); Labor and Employment; Personal Injury; and Tax. There will also be a networking lunch at 12 p.m.. The event is free and open to all Southwestern students. For more information about schedules for the day, please stop by the Career Services Office

Career Services Office (CSO) Open House

The CSO will be hosting its annual "Open House" on Thursday, November 1 from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. in W323. Stop by, grab a snack and get acquainted with the valuable resources available to you.

How to Start Your Own Practice

Ever thought about starting your own law practice? Even if you don't want to go "solo" right after law school, if it is a possibility at some time in your career, then don't miss "How to Start Your Own Practice" presented by Professor Ira Shafiroff. This seminar, jam packed with useful information, will be presented on Tuesday, November 6 at 4:45 pm in W311. Professor Shafiroff, Southwestern alumnus and former sole practitioner, will talk about how to set up your own firm, obtaining clients, marketing, and other useful tips.

Besides OCIP, How Do I Get a Job?

Dean Greener will talk about other programs and methods for obtaining a job on Tuesday, November 13 at 12:30 and 5 p.m. in W311.

Resumes for 1Ls

Learn how to draft a resume and a cover letter on Thursday, November 15 at 12:30 and 5 p.m. in W311. Particular attention will be paid to 1Ls who might not have any law-related experience.



New Staff/Transitions

Melissa Gonzales, Faculty Services Assistant
Ms. Gonzales earned her Bachelor of Arts degree in Sociology Administrative Studies with a concentration in Marketing from University of California, Riverside. While a student, she worked in UC Riverside’s Library Special Collections unit as a student services assistant, where she helped preserve and archive documents, books, letters and artwork. At Southwestern, she will be assisting faculty with printed materials, exams, letters of recommendation and other clerical/support needs.


  • Doug Snyder - Media Technologies Specialist and Assistant Director of Administrative Services

Magazine Seeks Nominations for CLAY Awards

California Lawyer Magazine is now accepting nominations for its 12th annual CLAY (California Lawyer Attorneys of the Year) awards. Those submitted for nominations must be California attorneys who have made significant contributions during 2007 to "the law, the profession, a particular industry or the general good of the public." The submission deadline is December 3. Go to and click on the nomination form on the lower left side of the page to access a nomination form, which has more than 20 categories to choose from and nominate a Southwestern alum or faculty member!


"W.A.Y." - Who Are You & Why Are You here?

This month - Michael Maguire, Second-Year SCALE Program


Throughout his career, Michael Maguire has played many roles: Wall Street broker, Broadway star, international concert soloist, and restorer of historic homes. Although he continues to sing and restore homes when he can, he has put those passions on the backburner to do something he has always wanted: pursue a law degree.

The second-year SCALE student has never been one to take the stereotypical path. An undergraduate of the Oberlin Conservatory with a master's degree in opera from the University of Michigan, Maguire decided not to wait tables while auditioning for shows when he moved to New York. "I had trained in opera, but I thought I should study acting before I started performing in musical theater," he said. "So I had a two-part plan: to work on my acting and make enough money to get me through the early acting years."

Maguire grew up in Virginia and was a strolling troubadour in Williamsburg, where he first began buying and selling stock. He parlayed that early experience into becoming a Eurodollar broker in Manhattan. This was in the early 80s, and Maguire pursued this lucrative niche while studying acting, Brazilian marshal arts and dancing. "I worked 10 hours a day and then went to classes, but I didn't do what lots of people normally do to struggle (for success in show business). I had my own form of struggle." And when he finally knew that he was ready for the stage, he didn't exactly receive a groundswell of support from his Stock Market cronies. "Everyone who knew me thought I was nuts to leave being a broker to go into musical theater."

But it paid off. Maguire was eventually cast in the original Broadway production of "Les Misérables," playing Enjolras, a student revolutionary. He won the Tony Award for his work and is also featured in "Les Misérables - The Dreamcast in Concert." Maguire continued to perform on stage and in film, eventually settling in Los Angeles. Until he started at Southwestern, he was an international symphony soloist (over 300 symphonies) who also restored homes in the Hancock Park area where he lives with his wife, Shelly Smith, and children. The second home he worked on was a historic landmark, and his work on the house won him a Los Angeles Restoration Award in 1999.

Law school is a full-time job, especially for SCALE students who are finishing their J.D. program in two years. So Maguire has put his touring schedule on hold for a while. "The first three months were difficult making the transition to being a student again. This was a challenge, but as I've caught on, my grades have gotten better. I've always been the kind of guy who likes to figure out how to do stuff. The learning has been a joy." After going through a difficult divorce years earlier, Maguire wants to practice family law. "I want to assist people who are going through this to help them calm down, not spend all their money and not ruin their kids in the process. Southwestern's professors focus students on how to help their future clients. They teach you it's all about the people that you're working for and what you can do for them."



  • Spectrum Set-Asides as Content-Neutral Metric: Creating a Practical Balance Between Media Access and Market Power, HOFSTRA LAW REVIEW (forthcoming)
  • Presenter, "Property Rules, Property Talk, and the Public Domain," Fifth Annual Works in Progress Intellectual Property Colloquium, Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property, American University, Washington College of Law
  • Panelist, "Insurance and Ethical Issues in Representing Policy Holders," Tort and Insurance Section, ABA Annual Meeting, San Francisco




Southwestern Mourns the Loss of Beloved Professor Emeritus Lawrence Sullivan

Professor Lawrence A. Sullivan, a member of the full-time faculty at Southwestern since 1991 and an internationally recognized authority on antitrust law whose Handbook of the Law of Antitrust has been cited in hundreds of U.S. Supreme Court and other federal court opinions, passed away on October 7. He was 84.

Beloved by his family as a warm and giving man, valued by students for his gentle but passionate and precise teaching, and esteemed by faculty as a generous and nurturing colleague, Professor Sullivan's contribution to legal education and the profession were celebrated at the "Antitrust and Intellectual Property in Global Context - A Symposium in Celebration of the Work of Lawrence A. Sullivan" presented by the Southwestern Journal of Law and Trade in the Americas in February (2007). Members of the bench, attorneys, Southwestern colleagues and professors from esteemed law schools nationwide gathered to speak about the reach and impact of his work on antitrust law.

"Larry Sullivan embodied all the values that law schools seek in a professor. Southwestern is a far better place today because of his legacy," said Dean Bryant Garth. Read more.



Southwestern Set to Open Children's Rights Clinic

Southwestern has established a new Children's Rights Clinic that will begin operating during the spring semester to provide legal assistance to underserved children. Law students who participate in the Clinic will work on all aspects of school discipline and special education cases and will have the opportunity to work on other education-related issues that may arise in the course of representing the Clinic's clients. The children will primarily be youth who are involved with either the dependency or delinquency system. Southwestern's new Children's Rights Clinic is one of the only legal clinics in Southern California and the first at a Los Angeles law school to focus its representation on children in school discipline cases.


Professor Julie Waterstone, Director of the Clinic, will teach the new one semester, five-unit clinic course. Clinic students will have an opportunity assist children in school discipline proceedings and stand for those with disabilities in special education proceedings, or work with community groups to advocate for better and more equitable educational opportunities. "We want to ensure that all children have the resources they need," said Professor Waterstone who recently joined Southwestern's faculty to serve as the Clinic's director. "Our students will play an integral role in the process of assisting these children while gaining invaluable advocacy skills."

The Clinic will provide representation to low-income children and will be staffed by law students who will work with clients under Professor Waterstone's supervision. "Professor Waterstone was chosen to run Southwestern's Children's Rights Clinic because of her expertise in clinical legal education and her substantive skills that are crucial to making the clinic a success," Dean Bryant Garth said. Read more.

TAHP Selects Junior Advocates

The Trial Advocacy Honors Program (TAHP) is proud to announce the Junior Advocates for the 2007-2008 year. They are Armen Amirkhanian, Andrew Caple-Shaw, Aaron Case, Vanessa Chavez, Sylvia Chiu, Danielle Daroca, Lindsay Gardner, Robert Glassman, Matthew Goodman, Kenneth Holdren, Fritzgerald Javellana, Hillary Levun, Gerralynn Owen, Maryam Parsioon, John Perry, Heshanthi Rohanath, Cory Scott, David Ziegert and Christopher Zwink.

SBA Announces Students Representatives

The Student Bar Association is proud to announce the Class Representatives for the 2007-2008 school year.

  • First-Year Day, Section A - Tony Rowley
  • First-Year Day, Section B - Omote Ekwotafia
  • First-Year Day, Section C - Lila Seif
  • First-Year PLEAS - Heather Walters
  • First-Year Evening - Chad Derby
  • Second-Year, Day - Remy Bickoff
  • Third-Year, Day - Aric Isaacson
  • Third-Year/Fourth-Year, Evening - Charles Fairchild
  • PLEAS - Heather Walters
  • SCALE® I - Nathan Gabbard
  • SCALE® II - Kevin Rosenberg

The Grammy Foundation's Ninth Annual Legal Writing Contest

Write your way to money, music and a chance to hobnob with the hippest names in the entertainment industry. For its tenth annual Entertainment Law Initiative (ELI), the GRAMMY Foundation is accepting submissions for its Legal Writing Contest. The first place winner will receive $5,000 and four second-place winners will get $1,500. All will receive tickets to the GRAMMY Awards Show, hotel accommodations, and a ticket to MusiCares Person of the Year Dinner, which is honoring Aretha Franklin this year. Southwestern students have done very well in this competition and have been selected as finalists. The contest invites law students to submit a 3,000-word essay, which should cover a "compelling legal issue facing the music industry." Submissions must be postmarked by Dec. 20; winners will be announced on Feb. 1, 2008. Winners will also have the opportunity to present their papers during GRAMMY week at the ELI luncheon on February 8, 2008, which is attended by record label executives and prominent entertainment attorneys. For complete contest rules, email, visit or download the pdf here.



Pioneering Alumna Vaino Spencer Retires from the Bench

A trailblazer for women and African Americans in the legal profession, the Hon. Vaino Spencer '52, Presiding Justice of the California Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District, Division One, retired in September after a distinguished 46-year career on the bench. She was the third black woman in California to pass the State Bar exam and the third to open a law practice in Los Angeles. However, it was her appointment to the Los Angeles Municipal Court in 1961 that confirmed her status as a true pioneer - when she became California's first black woman judge, and the third in the nation. She went on to the Superior Court in 1976, and four years later was elevated to the Court of Appeal.

Justice Spencer was active in the Civil Rights movement and a leader in the community. She is also recognized for her groundbreaking efforts in support of gender equity in the legal profession and to increase the numbers of women appointed to the bench. In the 1970s, she founded the Black Women Lawyers Association, and co-founded the National Association of Women Judges (NAWJ) with Justice Joan Dempsey Klein. This year, NAWJ will award the first Justice Vaino Spencer Leadership Award in her honor. Read more.


A Dozen Questions for Professor Gowri Ramachandran

Q: Southwestern brought you to Los Angeles, but you've worked and gone to school on the East Coast. Where are you originally from and how are you liking Southern California living?
A: I grew up in South Florida - in Miami and West Palm Beach, with a very brief stint in Clewiston, a sugarcane farming town. I love the weather in LA, which is even better than where I grew up, and I like that things are more cosmopolitan here. Other than the driving, I can't find much to complain about!

Q: What piqued your interest in writing about issues of workplace attire and makeup?
A: My life and activism in the LGBT community as an undergraduate is what first got me interested in the importance of attire, makeup, and other forms of appearance manipulation in our lives. For me, negotiating my place in both the LGBT community and the larger community manifested in a lot of experimentation with my appearance: I spent an inordinate amount of time dressing up in college! This was a lot of fun for me, but for the transgender persons in my community, exercising those rights wasn't always as simple. It could be a daily struggle, and coercion to appear a certain way took forms ranging from workplace rules to doctor's orders to hate crime.

Q: You won the John Meeker Prize for creative writing when you were an undergraduate at Yale. What was your winning story about?
A: It was a nonfiction story that was quite sad, about watching my piano teacher's health decline as she grew older.

Q: Do you ever have the opportunity to use your mathematical skills in your professional life?
A: Some kinds of law involve more math than people realize: A complete understanding of many forms of discrimination, such as gerrymandering, stereotyping, and actions that are facially neutral but have discriminatory effects, requires at least a basic understanding of certain concepts in statistics. But it's not often that I'm actually doing any mathematical or statistical problem solving myself, as a law professor.

Q: What is your favorite law school memory?
A: Graduation! It was pouring rain and unseasonably cold in New Haven, but it was wonderful to gather one last time with all my close friends before we moved to various parts of the country.

Q: Because you have such a strong background in writing, what would you tell students is the most important aspect of writing for the legal profession?
A: Using precise language is key. There are times when an argument that seems to be reaching becomes one that seems undeniably persuasive simply by choosing words with just the right connotation. For instance, is it better to say that someone's privacy rights are being invaded, or to say that they are being intruded upon? If I were speaking of the right to privacy in the sense of a need for isolation and seclusion, I'd probably use the word “intrude.” But if I were speaking of privacy in the sense of a need for control or jurisdiction over private spaces - such as control over one's body or home - I'd probably use the word " invade."

Q: Although you served as a clerk for the Hon. Sidney R. Thomas after graduating from law school, your career has been firmly rooted in academia. If you were ever to go into practice, what specifically would you be interested in doing?

A: I had the good fortune to spend a summer during law school working at a wonderful organization in New York City called the Urban Justice Center. UJC does public interest legal work that aims to be client driven, rather than driven by the elites who tend to direct organizations doing impact litigation. They accomplish this by engaging in outreach at locations where clients are likely to be, such as homeless shelters, food banks, and soup kitchens. If I were practicing, I would want to do similarly client driven public interest work.

Q: If your students could only take away one piece of knowledge from your classes, what would you want it to be?
A: I would want them to remember that the law evolves and that it is a great privilege of lawyers, from time to time, to have some influence over its direction and import.

Q: What is the biggest misconception law students have about their professors?
A: I think most students are pretty savvy about their professors, actually. They tend to have healthy skepticism toward our opinions, but sensible respect for our knowledge. If there is anything approaching a common misconception, I think it would have to be that we don't know when they are distracted, unprepared, or surfing the web in class. I find it unhelpful in most instances to draw further attention to those students, but I do know what's going on; it is really easy to tell!

Q: Because your scholarship is focused on employment discrimination and employment law, in a perfect world, what is something that every employer would be legally obligated to do for its workers?
A: I don't know that there is anything every single employer should be legally obligated to do because I'm not sure that a one-size-fits-all approach works for employment law. But I do think everybody should be treated humanely and with respect. What that requires in different workplaces could be very different, however.

Q: What are you favorite legal-themed TV shows and movies?
A: The Thin Blue Line is a documentary that I love about the erroneous conviction and death sentence of Randall Adams. I'm also a big fan of a much less well known film, La Passion de Jeanne d'Arc. It's a silent movie made by Carl Dreyer about Joan of Arc's trial and execution for heresy.

Q: What do you like to do in your free time?
A: I love cooking, going to movies, and doing the cryptic crossword in the back of Harper's magazine.



A selection of scholarships and essay contests are available in the Financial Aid Office (W102), on the bulletin board in the Westmoreland basement and online.


Please note: The information regarding scholarships and essay contests on Southwestern's website provides a list for informational purposes only. Students interested in applying for any scholarship should contact the sponsoring organization directly for specific details and deadlines. External sites are provided for informational purposes only and are not endorsed by Southwestern.





19 Intellectual Property Job Fair, Whittier Law School
 Visiting Speaker Series, Professor Devon W. Carbado, UCLA School of Law, 12:30 p.m., BW370
22 SCALE I, Period I ends
23 SCALE I, Period II begins
 Faculty Presentation by Professor Paul Bateman, 12:30 p.m., BW370
24 Ninth Circuit Bankruptcy Appellate Panel (BAP) in Session, 9 a.m., Dixon Courtroom
25 Public Interest Law Week begins
 Public Interest Law Career Fair, 12:15 p.m., Promenade
 BHBA "Why Lawyers Leave" Event, UCLA Law School
26 Public Interest GRAP Training & Trip
27 Orange County Practice Day, 9:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m., Whittier Law School
29-30 Public Interest Law Bake Sale
29 SCALE II, Period IV ends
30 SCALE II, Period V begins
 Public Interest Law Keynote Speaker Mitchell Kamin, 12:30 p.m., BW390
31 Public Interest Law Trivia Bowl, 12:30 p.m., Student Commons


     1 Public Interest Law Week Dean Garth's Elliptical-a-thon, 12:30 p.m., Fitness Center
 Career Services Office Open House, 9:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m., W323
2 Public Interest Law Week Live Auction, Variety Show and Silent Auction Finale, 6 p.m., Louis XVI Room
 Public Interest Law Week Ends
 Southern California Junior Law Faculty Workshop
3 Orange County Law Firm Practice Day, Chapman Law School
5 SBA Exam Prep Workshop, 12:30 p.m. & 5 p.m., BW370
6 Seminar: How to Start Your Own Law Practice, 4:45 p.m., W311
10 SCALE Alumni-Student Reception, 5:30 p.m., Louis XVI Room
12 Graduates Exit Workshop, 12:30 p.m. & 5 p.m., W311
13 Seminar: Besides OCIP, How Do I Get a Job? 12:30 p.m. & 5 p.m., W311
13-14 1L Table Days, 12:15 p.m., Promenade
14 LLSA Alumni-Student Reception, 5:30 p.m., Louis XVI Room
15 Workshop: Resume & Cover Letter Writing for 1L Students, 12:30 p.m. & 5 p.m., W311
 Inn of St. Ives Meeting/Dinner
21 Thanksgiving Holiday - No evening classes
22-24 Thanksgiving Holiday - No classes
December   1 Last day of classes
2-5 Reading Period
3 Bar Passers Swearing-in Ceremony and Reception
6 Final Exams begin
20 Final Exams end; 2007 Fall Semester ends

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Southwestern Law School is a member of the Association of American Law Schools and is fully approved by the Council of the Section of Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar of the American Bar Association (321 N. Clark Street, 21st Floor, Chicago, Illinois 60654, Tel: 312.988.6738). Since 1911, Southwestern has served the public as a nonprofit, nonsectarian educational institution. Southwestern does not discriminate on the basis of race, sex, age, religion, national or ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, marital status, or prior military service in connection with admission to the school, or in the administration of any of its educational, employment, financial aid, scholarship or student activity programs. Non-discrimination has been the policy of Southwestern since its founding.